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After the split of Yugoslavia beginning in June 1991, the term 'Balkans' again received a negative meaning, even in casual usage.
Over the last decade, in the wake of the former Yugoslav split, Slovenians have rejected their former label as 'Balkan nations'.
Definitions and boundaries Balkan Peninsula Line stretching from the northernmost point of the Adriatic to the northernmost point of the Black Sea The Balkans are adjoined by water on three sides: the Black Sea to the east and branches of the Mediterranean Sea to the south and west (including the Adriatic, Ionian, Aegean and Marmara seas).
The first time the name "Balkan" was used in the West for the mountain range in Bulgaria was in a letter by Buonaccorsi Callimarco, an Italian humanist, writer and diplomat in 1490.
An English traveler, John Morritt, introduced this term into the English literature at the end of the 18th century, and other authors started applying the name to the wider area between the Adriatic and the Black Sea.
For Croats it is Nikola Zrinski, for Serbs, Miloš Obilic, for Albanians, Skanderbeg, for ethnic Macedonians, Nikola Karev, for Bosniaks, Husein Gradašcevic and for Bulgarians, Vasil Levski.
In the 20th century, the Balkan nations—except Greece and Yugoslavia—were made part of the Warsaw pact (as a result of Soviet hegemony after the ending of World War II).The archaic Greek name for the Balkan Peninsula is the Peninsula of Haemus (? Possibly the historical event that left the biggest mark on the collective memories of the peoples of the Balkans was the expansion and later fall of the Ottoman Empire.